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Obesity, diabetes numbers jump by millions

The number of U.S. Adults categorized as obese or overweight increased by millions over a decade as did the number with diabetes mellitus, based on a study that appeared on-line Jan. 24 at Obesity. Researchers from the Manchester Metropolitan University of Manchester, UK, and John Hopkins University in Baltimore concluded more powerful preventative interventions are required to reduce the incidence of the cardiovascular risk factors. The analysis, which might be found here, extracted data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from the 2003-2004 period into the 2013-2014 period. The estimated number of U.S. Adults categorized as having overweight/obesity/morbid obesity increased to 160.1 million in 2013-14 from 133.9 million in 2003-04.

The number of U.S. Adults with diabetes mellitus increased to 30.2 million in 2013-14 from 21.2 million in 2003-04. Mean HDL-C, another cardiovascular risk factor, stayed constant over the analysis both in men and women. Researchers observed a downward trend for triglyceride levels, plus a cardiovascular risk factor, both in men and women. Individuals with body mass index of 25 and above were categorized as being obese. The estimated average B.M.I. Over the decade increased to 28.8 from 28.1 in guys and also to 29.5 from 28.3 in women. The number of U.S. Adults categorized as having obesity/morbid obesity climbed to 85.9 million from 65 million over the decade.

The number with morbid obesity increased to 17.4 million from 9.9 million. Researchers reported the escalation in diabetes could be attributed into population aging and reduced mortality among individuals with diabetes mellitus due to improvements in diagnosis and treatment of the disease. A 9 million person rise in the number of patients with diabetes mellitus in the US over the analysis period is alarming, the researchers said. What’s more, there’s no apparent attenuation from the tendency despite the comparatively simple identification of high risk attributes predisposing people at the onset of the disease. Practical approaches to its prevention, like fat loss, smoking and exercising cessation, are obviously failing. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus in 2013-14 was greatest among women and Hispanic men. The incidence was lowest in non Hispanic white men and non Hispanic white women.

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